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Climate Change and Infectious Diseases

  • Altizer S, Ostfeld RS, Johnson PT, Kutz S, Harvell CD.  Climate change and infectious diseases: from evidence to predictive framework.  Science. 2013;341(6145):514-519.


  • Kraemer M, Reiner R Jr, Brady O, et al. Past and future spread of the arbovirus vectors Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Nat Microbiol. 2019;4:854–863.


  • Morin, Cory W., Andrew C. Comrie, and Kacey Ernst. "Climate and dengue transmission: evidence and implications." Environmental health perspectives 121.11-12 (2013): 1264-1272.

  • Rocklöv, Joacim, and Yesim Tozan. "Climate change and the rising infectiousness of dengue." Emerging Topics in Life Sciences 3.2 (2019): 133-142.

Gastrointestinal Illness

  • Drayna P, McLellan SL, Simpson P, Li SH, Gorelick MH.  Association between rainfall and pediatric emergency department visits for acute gastrointestinal illness. Environ Health Perspect. 2010;118:1439–1443.


  • Liu, Qi, et al. "Changing rapid weather variability increases influenza epidemic risk in a warming climate." Environmental Research Letters 15.4 (2020): 044004.

  • Mu, Jianhong E., et al. "Climate change and the risk of highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks in birds." British Journal of Environment and Climate Change 4.2 (2014): 166.

  • Towers, Sherry, et al. "Climate change and influenza: the likelihood of early and severe influenza seasons following warmer than average winters." PLoS currents 5 (2013).

Lyme Disease

  • Monaghan A, Moore S, Sampson K, Beard C, Eisen R. Climate change influences on the annual onset of Lyme disease in the United States. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2015;6:615–622.

  • Ogden NH, Radojevic M, Wu X, Duvvuri VR, et al.  Estimated effects of projected climate change on the basic reproductive number of the Lyme disease vector ixodes scapularis.  Environ Health Perspect. 2014;122(6):631-638.


  • Caminade, Cyril, et al. "Impact of climate change on global malaria distribution." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111.9 (2014): 3286-3291.

  • Malaria risk and temperature: Influences from global climate change and local land use practices.  Jonathan A. Patz, Sarah H. Olson

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Apr 2006, 103 (15) 5635-5636; DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0601493103



  • Boissier, Jérôme, et al. "Schistosomiasis reaches Europe." The Lancet Infectious Diseases 15.7 (2015): 757-758.


Tick-borne illness

  • Bouchard, C., et al. "Climate change and infectious diseases: The challenges: N Increased risk of tick-borne diseases with climate and environmental changes." Canada Communicable Disease Report 45.4 (2019): 83.

Vector Bourne Disease

  • Anyamba A, Small JL, Britch SC, et al.  Recent weather extremes and impacts on agricultural production and vector-bourne disease outbreak patterns.  PLoS One.  2014;9(3):e92538.

Zika Virus

  • Paz, Shlomit, and Jan C. Semenza. "El Niño and climate change—contributing factors in the dispersal of Zika virus in the Americas?." The Lancet 387.10020 (2016): 745.

  • A notable correlation between Zika spread and extreme climactic conditions in Brazil. Asad, Hina and Carpenter, David O. "Effects of climate change on the spread of zika virus: a public health threat" Reviews on Environmental Health, vol. 33, no. 1, 2018, pp. 31-42.

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